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blender:main-blender-split-bmesh

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Here we split the mesh of a full wheel in two meshes :

  • a mash for the tyre
  • a mesh for the rim
import bpy
import bmesh
import os
import math
 
# debug function
def print_mesh (object_name):
    bpy.ops.object.mode_set(mode='OBJECT')
    o = bpy.data.objects[object_name]
    o.select_set(True)
    #print (dir(o)) 
    #print (o.type)
    me = o.to_mesh()
    #print (dir(me)) 
    print (len(me.vertices),"vertices (3 points in space)")
    print (len(me.edges) ,"edges (reference 2 vertices)")
    print (len(me.loops) , "loops (reference a single vertex and edge)")
    print (len(me.polygons) , "polygons (reference a range of loops)")
 
    for ip in range(len(me.polygons)):
        poly = me.polygons[ip]
        #print("Polygon index: %d, length: %d" % (poly.index, poly.loop_total))
        # range is used here to show how the polygons reference loops,
        # for convenience 'poly.loop_indices' can be used instead.
        for loop_index in range(poly.loop_start, poly.loop_start + poly.loop_total):
            iv = me.loops[loop_index].vertex_index
            vert = me.vertices[iv]
            x = vert.co.x
            y = vert.co.y
            z = vert.co.z
            print(" Polygon: %d Vertex: %d , x=%.3f, y=%.3f, z=%.3f" % (ip,iv,x,y,z))
 
def select_part_of_mesh (object_name, part):
    o = bpy.data.objects[object_name]
    me = o.data
    bm = bmesh.new()   # create an empty BMesh
    bm.from_mesh(me)   # fill it in from a Mesh
 
    xmin = None  # find bounding box
    for f in bm.faces:
        for v in f.verts:
            x = v.co.x 
            y = v.co.y
            z = v.co.z
            if xmin is None:
                xmin = x
                xmax = xmin
                ymin = y
                ymax = ymin
                zmin = z
                zmax = zmin
            if x > xmax:
                xmax = x
            if x < xmin:
                xmin = x
            if y > ymax:
                ymax = y
            if y < ymin:
                ymin = y
            if z > zmax:
                zmax = z
            if z < zmin:
                zmin = z
    xm = (xmax+xmin)/2.0
    ym = (ymax+ymin)/2.0
    zm = (zmax+zmin)/2.0
    print ("xm = %.3f, ym = %.3f, zm = %3f"%(xm,ym,zm))
 
    fsel = []
    nf = len(bm.faces)
    nrm = 0
    for f in bm.faces:
        dorm = False
        for v in f.verts:
            #v = me.vertices[iv]
            #print (v.co,v.index)
            d = math.sqrt((xm-v.co.x)**2.0+(zm-v.co.z)**2.0)
            if part == "Tyre":
                if d < 0.024:
                    dorm = True
            elif part == "Rim":
                if d > 0.028:
                    dorm = True
                if math.fabs(v.co.y) < math.fabs(ym):
                    dorm = True
        if dorm:
            nrm += 1
            fsel.append(f)
            f.select_set
 
    print (nrm,"removed out of",nf)
 
    bmesh.ops.delete(bm, geom=fsel, context="FACES")
 
    # Finish up, write the bmesh back to the mesh
    bm.to_mesh(me)
    bm.free()  # free and prevent further access
    o.select_set(False)
 
tnm1 = ["ar_d","ar_g","av_d","av_g"]
tnm2 = ["Ar D","Ar G","Av D","Av G"]
for inm in range(4):
    nm1 = tnm1[inm]
    nm2 = tnm2[inm]
    wheel_stl = "roue_%s.stl"%(nm1)
    wheel_name = "Roue %s"%(nm2) 
    rim_stl = "jante_%s.stl"%(nm1)
    rim_name = "Jante %s"%(nm2)
    tyre_stl = "pneu_%s.stl"%(nm1)
    tyre_name = "Pneu %s"%(nm2) 
    create = True
    if create:
        path = "/home/newubu/Teach/ue42modrob/modrob/3d-models/rc_car"
        file_stl = os.path.join(path,wheel_stl)
        bpy.ops.import_mesh.stl(filepath=file_stl)
        template_object = bpy.data.objects[wheel_name]
        bpy.ops.object.duplicate()
        o = bpy.context.active_object  
        o.name = tyre_name
        bpy.ops.object.duplicate()
        o = bpy.context.active_object  
        o.name = rim_name
 
    # split the wheel in rim + Tyre
    object_name = tyre_name
    part = "Tyre"
    select_part_of_mesh (object_name, part)
    object_name = rim_name
    part = "Rim"
    select_part_of_mesh (object_name, part)
 
    context = bpy.context
    scene = context.scene
    viewlayer = context.view_layer
 
    # deselect all
    obs = [o for o in scene.objects if o.type == 'MESH']
    bpy.ops.object.select_all(action='DESELECT')    
 
    path = "/home/newubu/Teach/ue42modrob/modrob/3d-models/rc_car"
 
    o = bpy.data.objects[tyre_name]
    print ("export",o.name,"in",tyre_stl)
    viewlayer.objects.active = o
    o.select_set(True)
    file_stl = os.path.join(path,tyre_stl)
    bpy.ops.export_mesh.stl(filepath=file_stl,use_selection=True)
    o.select_set(False)
 
    o = bpy.data.objects[rim_name]
    print ("export",o.name,"in",rim_stl)
    viewlayer.objects.active = o
    o.select_set(True)
    file_stl = os.path.join(path,rim_stl)
    bpy.ops.export_mesh.stl(filepath=file_stl,use_selection=True)
    o.select_set(False)

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blender/main-blender-split-bmesh.txt · Last modified: 2020/04/13 18:39 by admin